Howzit: South African greeting that translates roughly as ''How are you?'', ''How are things?'' or simply ''Hello”

Cell phones: mobile phones

Drug store: pharmacy

Robots: traffic lights

Garage: filling station

SMS: text message

Ag (agh): generally used at the beginning of a sentence to express irritation, as in: “Ag no man! What did you do that for?”

Babbelas (bub-buh-luss): a hangover

Bakkie (buck-ee): a pick-up truck

Biltong (bill-tong): this South African favourite is dried and salted meat, similar to beef jerky, although it can be made from ostrich, kudu or any other red meat.

Boerewors (boor-uh-vors): literally, farmer's sausage. A savoury sausage developed by the Boers - today's Afrikaners - some 200 years ago, boerewors is South African food at its most traditional

Boma (Bow-mah): an open thatched structure used for dinners, entertainment and parties

Braai (br-eye): an outdoor barbecue, where meat such as steak, chicken and boerewors are cooked, served with pap

Pap (pup): the staple food of South Africa, a porridge made from maize meal cooked with water and salt to a fairly stiff consistency. Pap can also mean weak or tired

Bushveld (bush-felt): taken from the Afrikaans bosveld ("bush field"), the bushveld is a terrain of thick scrubby trees and bush in dense thickets, with grassy groundcover between

Donga: a natural ditch resulting from severe soil erosion

Eina (ay-nuh or ay-nar): Ouch! Can also mean "sore".

Eish (aysh): used to express surprise, wonder, frustration or outrage: "Eish! That cut was eina!"

Flog: no whips implied. South Africans use flog to mean sell, as in "I've had enough of this old car. I think it's time I flogged it."

Frikkadel (frik-kuh-dell): a traditional meatball

Fundi (foon-dee): expert

Hey: the popular expression hey can be used as a standalone question meaning "pardon" or "what" - "Hey? What did you say?" Or it can be used to prompt affirmation or agreement, as in "It was a great film, hey?"

Is it (as one word: izit): an expression frequently used in conversation and equivalent to "Is that so?"

Ja (yaa): yes

Just now: if a South African tells you they will do something "just now", they mean they'll do it in the near future - not immediately: "I'll do the dishes just now."

Koppie (kor-pie): a small hill

Laduma! (la-doo-mah): a popular cheer celebrating goals scored at soccer matches

Lekker (lekk-irr with a rolling r): nice, good, great, cool or tasty

Potjiekos (poi-chee-kors): traditional Afrikaner food, generally a rich stew, cooked in a three-legged cast-iron pot over a fire. The word means "little-pot food" in Afrikaans

Rock up: to arrive somewhere unannounced or uninvited. It's the kind of thing friends do: "I was going to go out but then my friend rocked up”

Rooibos (roy-borss): Afrikaans for red bush, this popular South African tea made from the Cyclopia genistoides bush is gaining worldwide popularity for its health benefits

Scale, scaly: to scale something means to steal it. A scaly person is not to be trusted

Shame: broadly denotes sympathetic feeling. Someone admiring a baby, kitten or puppy might say: "Ag shame!" to emphasise its cuteness

Stoep (stup): porch or verandah

Takkies: running shoes or sneakers. Fat takkies are extra-wide tyres

Taxi: not a metered car with a single occupant, but a minibus used to transport a large number of people, and the most common way of getting around in South Africa

Townships: low-income dormitory suburbs outside cities and towns - effectively ghettos - to which black South Africans were confined during the apartheid era

Veld (felt): open grassland. From the Dutch for "field"

Vetkoek (fet-cook): "Fat cake" in Afrikaans, vetkoek is a doughnut-sized bread roll made from deep-fried yeast dough. Mainly served with a savoury mince filling, it's artery-clogging and delicious

Vuvuzela (voo-voo-zeh-lah): a large, colourful plastic trumpet with the sound of a foghorn, blown enthusiastically by virtually everyone in the crowd at soccer matches

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